Portraits photography is totally different compared to other types of photography. The main aim of capturing a portrait is to reiterate one particular feature or character of the person photographed.
First a fall you need to know the camera settings; portrait photographs require the close up of a person's face. Since it is taken close up, anything distracting in the background needs to be removed. The other point to be considered while taking portrait photographs is to make sure a low ISO is set. The portrait will be ruined if a higher ISO is used as this will cause a digital noise. If you would want to capture a person in a city the rules can be changed a bit. You can call city portrait photography where the main goal is to capture the individual in a city. In this condition the background cannot be blurred, so it is recommended to use a lower aperture.
To get a professional looking picture it is recommended to capture the portrait in a studio. This will let you control the lighting unlike the outdoors where you would need to depend on natural lighting. Well since not all photographers are professionals, chances are you wouldn't own a studio. You don't need to worry, just follow these steps to click a professional looking portrait.
Make sure that the light is bright however not direct. Place a piece of white cardboard on the other side of the model so that the light coming from window will be reflected and will brighten the other side of the model's face. Now it's time to click, making sure that the piece of cardboard you used to reflect the light is nowhere seen on the picture.
Chat With the Model
It is very important to build a good relationship with the model so that they stay relaxed and happy. Anybody who is uncomfortable will fail to give good results. Chat to the model and build a professional relationship so that they would get comfortable and relaxed.